Grass growing in front of a footpath, with colourful shrubs and tall trees in the background.

7 mins

The Dry Garden’s woody secrets

Sarah Scott, Team Coordinator, Property.

Published by

John Anderson

Keeper of the Gardens

May 16 2024

Share this article

The Savill Garden is one of the foremost woodland gardens in the UK. Its displays of colour and textures are renowned – with great emphasis on the spring flowering plants from woodland bulbs and perennials especially the dog’s toothed fawn lily (Erythronium revolutum) to magnolias and rhododendrons.

The pink bark of the strawberry tree.

Dog’s toothed fawn lily

A close up of a large rich pink magnolia flower.

Magnolia Eric Savill

One of the most important areas of The Savill Garden is the UK’s first Dry Garden which came about after the hottest summer on record at the time, in 1976.

Previously the Rose Garden, the then Keeper of the Gardens John Bond decided that the area was no longer productive for roses and moved them to their current site, remaining there for the next 35 years.

Then, in 2010 The Keeper of the Gardens, Mark Flanagan asked Garden Designer, Andrew Wilson to design a Contemporary Rose Garden, the result of which is what we see today with its viewing platform and circular style.

The Dry Garden today is a great example of what can be cultivated in a sunny location on a free draining soil where the ground is covered in gravel. 

An aerial view of The Rose Garden.

The Rose Garden

The Dry Garden in summer.

The Dry Garden

Strawberry trees

Some of the most interesting woody plants in the Dry Garden include the Arbutus x andrachnoides, which is a perfect ornamental small to medium sized evergreen tree, and a natural hybrid of A. unedo and A. andrachne, which are mainly found in Greece.

Commonly known as a strawberry tree, it is by far the best for bark colour especially after a rainy day in late summer when the sunlight catches the smooth bark after it has peeled.

It is also one of the few winter flowering trees which is often followed with small orange-red fruits.  

What you may not know, is that the tree is part of the Ericaceous family – thus related to rhododendrons.

The pink bark of the strawberry tree.

Strawberry tree bark

The orange-red fruit of the strawberry tree.

The fruit of the strawberry tree

Amur Maackia

Perhaps the most flower-bearing tree in the Dry Garden is Maackia amurensis (Amur Maackia), called as such because it is found near the Amur River in northeast Asia.

This seldom encountered deciduous medium sized tree tolerates severe dryness, cold temperatures and heavy soils making it an important tree of focus for the future in light of our changing climate.

In full bloom, mainly in July, it supports thousands of bees that are attracted by the scented creamy-yellow flowers.

The specimen tree that you see in the Dry Garden today came from Borde Hill Garden circa 1977. 

Leaves of the Amur Maackia.

The Amur Maackia

Conifers

In contrast to the trees previously mentioned, a different highlight are the very upright conifers in the Dry Garden.

One tree in question is similar to an Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) and until recently was named as Juniperus chinensis ‘Savill Sentinel’. This was until Professor Bob Adams from Baylor University, Texas, USA visited Europe to study various coniferous collections especially Juniperus and their link to a cure for cancer.

Professor Adams was accompanied by Keith Rushforth, a well know conifer expert based in the south-west of England and has travelled extensively in Asia.

In Professor Adams’ research it was highlighted that the conifer in the Dry Garden under the name Juniperus chinensis ‘Savill Sentinel’ is indeed a Cupressus gigantea ‘Savill Sentinel’ (Tsango Cypress) native to Tibet. Since this finding the databases for The Savill Garden have been updated.

A close up of the leaves of the juniperus chinensis.

The juniperus chinensis

A single Tsango Cypress tree.

The Tsango Cypress

Trees of the olive family

Some readers may already be aware that the olive tree privet (Ligustrum spp.) and ash (Fraxinus spp.) are relatives of the olive family (Oleaceae). However, not many may have noticed the fringetree (Chionanthus virginicus) in both the Dry Garden and Middle Ride of The Savill Garden.

The fringetree is interesting as it mainly appears in the collection as a shrubby wide spreading plant with large leaves and abundant numerous white frilly narrow flowers in early summer. By late summer, the flowers change into purple-black mini olives.

The tree is mainly native to southern states of the United States such as Florida, and the specimen in the Dry Garden comes from the gardens of Villa Taranto on Lake Maggiore in Italy.

The white flowers of the fringetree.

The fringetree

Acers

Another highlight in the Dry Garden is the Cretan maple (Acer sempervirens), a small deciduous tree, collected at an altitude of 1450m by the previous Keeper of the Gardens, Mark Flanagan, in 2001 on a trip to Cypress.

The tree is at its best in spring as the new leaves appear with the flowers.

Buds of flowers and leaves growing on bare branches.

Cretan Maple

Lime tree

One of the most interesting woody plants in the Dry Garden is Tilia kiusiana, a mountainous Japanese lime tree – rare in gardens and collections.

The tree in the Dry Garden came from Mallet Court Nursery in Somerset from James Harris & Primrose Mallet-Harris.

In general, it is a slow growing tree, rarely getting bigger than 15metres, but in summer can be found covered in bees attracted by the lightly scented flowers.

A close up of Japanese lime tree blossom.

Japanese lime tree

River lomatia

Of the plants native to the southern hemisphere that can be found in the Dry Garden, one of the best flowering and most resilient shrubs is Lomatia myricoides (river lomatia).

This evergreen large shrub has narrow lance-shaped and coarsely toothed leaves with creamy white spider-like flowers in the summer.

Native to the southeast region of Australia, the shrub is another great source of pollen for bees.

White spider-like flowers of the river lomatia.

River lomatia

Rosemary Grevillea

Finally, to a shrub that appears to flower permanently, enjoying a sunny dry sheltered location in The Dry Garden.

Grevillea rosmarinifolia (Rosemary Grevillea) is an evergreen shrub with narrow, pointed leaves ideally suited for the dry conditions in its native New South Wales, Australia.

It’s a shrub that can be pruned after flowering to keep in shape but is also quite happy to become a wide spreading large shrub, suitable in many sunny, sheltered areas.

There are many species to admire, especially the yellow flowering G. juniperiana f. sulphurea which the team are hoping to acquire for the Dry Garden soon.

Pink flowers at the end of a green stem of Rosemary Grevillea..

Rosemary Grevillea

Share this article

Back to News & Articles
Windsor Great Park
Windsor Great Park

Get in touch

Contact us

Newsletter

Sign up to our newsletter

More from us

News & Articles

Careers

User support

Accessibility

Site map

Our policies

Terms of use

Privacy statement

Fair processing notice

Cookies statement

Modern slavery act

Freedom of information

The Crown Estate logo.

About The Crown Estate
The Crown Estate is a unique business with a diverse portfolio that stretches across the country. We actively manage our assets in line with our purpose: to create lasting and shared prosperity for the nation.

Find out more

Designed by Bewonder*